This installation guide focuses on installing the TAO platform on CentOS, Red Hat, Amazon Linux using Apache2, PHP & mySQL.

  1. Apache2, PHP & mySQL Installation

1.1. Apache2 Installation

The first step of the installation of our environment is to install the Apache2 web server. To do so, open up a terminal and type the following command lines. The yum update command aims at updating your system. You can skip this command if you think your system is up to date.

sudo yum update
sudo yum install httpd

1.2. PHP Installation

To Install PHP and modules needed by the TAO platform to run, open up a terminal and enter the following commands.

sudo yum install php
sudo yum install php-gd
sudo yum install php-mysql
sudo yum install php-tidy
sudo yum install curl
sudo yum install php-mbstring
sudo yum install php-xml

PHP and its modules required by TAO are now installed on the computer.

1.3. mySQL Installation

The last component to install is mySQL server.

sudo yum install mysql-server

mySQL server is now installed with a preconfigured mySQL user root without password.

  1. Apache2, PHP & mySQL Setup

2.1. Apache2 Setup

2.1.1. Service Configuration

We now have to configure Apache2. First, we will make the Apache2 service start when the Operating System starts up. We will also start the service for the first time.

sudo chkconfig --level 35 httpd on
sudo service httpd start

To check if Apache2 is running, simply open up your web browser and access http://localhost. An Apache2 test page should be displayed in your web browser.

2.1.2. Virtual Host

The TAO platform requires to be run with an Apache Virtual Host. We will create such a virtual host in the Apache2 configuration file. Edit the file located at /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf with your favourite editor. We will use nano.

sudo nano /etc/httpd/httpd.conf

Now, we create a virtual host named taoplatform. Its DocumentRoot is /var/www/taoplatform. This is where the TAO source code will be actually deployed. We will create this directory later at deployment-time. Feel free to change its name according to your needs. Insert the following lines at the end of the file we are currently editing.

ServerName localhost

    ServerAdmin webmaster@taoplatform
    ServerName taoplatform

    DocumentRoot /var/www/taoplatform

        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
        AllowOverride All
        Order allow,deny
        allow from all

You can save the file now. Some explanations about this Virtual Host configuration:

  • NameVirtualHost with the NameVirtualHost directive you specify the IP address on which the server will receive requests for the name-based virtual hosts. This will usually be the address to which your name-based virtual host names resolve.
  • ServerAdmin sets the e-mail address that the server includes in any error messages it returns to the client.
  • ServerName sets hostname and port that the server uses to identify itself. Here we affect the hostname taoplatform but it could be or
  • DocumentRoot is the root directory where we place the PHP source code that concerns the TAO Platform. We will create later in this tutorial the /var/www/taoplatform directory.

More information about Apache directives and virtual hosting:

2.1.3. Rewrite Module

The TAO Platform requires the Apache2 module rewrite_module to be installed to run perfectly. The Rewrite Module of Apache is most of the time enabled at installation time in major Linux distributions. To check if rewrite_module is present and running, type the following command in your terminal.

sudo apachectl -t -D DUMP_MODULES

You should see the list of running modules and the rewrite_module (shared) entry. If you find it, you can skip this and go to the next section of this guide. If you do not see it, please go the rewrite_module official page to get information about how to install it.

2.1.4. Folders, Rights and Host Resolution

We now have to create the taoplatform folder in /var/www. To do so, type the following commands.

cd /var/www
sudo mkdir taoplatform

By default, Apache2 runs as the apache user that belongs to the apache group. We then bind the taoplatform directory to the apache group.

sudo chgrp apache taoplatform

We will deal with read-write-execute permissions later on. Finally, we add an entry in the hosts file of the Operating System to make Apache2 able to resolve taoplatform.

sudo nano /etc/hosts

Append the following line in the file:   taoplatform

Finally, we restart Apache to take this new configuration into account.

sudo service httpd restart

2.2. PHP Setup

The PHP Setup is quick and simple. Open the PHP configuration file located at /etc/php.ini.

sudo nano /etc/php.ini

Make sure that the following configuration options are correct.

magic_quotes_gpc = Off (not needed in PHP 5.4)
short_open_tag = On
register_globals = Off (not needed in PHP 5.4)

In most versions of PHP, they are correctly set. However, if you have to make any change, save the file and restart your Apache2 web server to make this new configuration taken into account.

sudo service httpd restart

2.3. mySQL Setup

Your first task is to configure the service to start it when the Operating System starts up.

sudo chkconfig --level 35 mysqld on
sudo service mysqld start

The following setup operation is optional. If you want to make a secure installation of mySQL by changing its root password, enter the following command in your terminal. The mysql_secure_installation program will simply ask you for a new root password.

Important! If you plan to access MySQL using a specific database user (not root), make sure it has the following privileges:


If you need more information about database privileges and databases, please visit the DatabaseUserPrivileges|page dedicated to this topic.

  1. TAO Platform Deployment

3.1. Download the Latest Version of TAO

We will now download the latest version of the TAO source code and deploy it on the web server. Go to the official TAO download page and download the last Stable Release.

Suppose we saved the TAO source code zip archive in /home/myuser/ Run the following command lines to extract the content of the archive in the dedicated directory /var/www/taoplatform we created previously in this guide.

cd /home/myuser
sudo unzip -d /var/www/taoplatform

If you list the content of /var/www/taoplatform, you should see the following file & directory structure:

  • /var/www/taoplatform/crossdomain.xml
  • /var/www/taoplatform/favicon.ico
  • /var/www/taoplatform/fdl-1.3.txt
  • /var/www/taoplatform/filemanager
  • /var/www/taoplatform/generis
  • /var/www/taoplatform/gpl-2.0.txt
  • /var/www/taoplatform/index.php
  • /var/www/taoplatform/tao
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoDelivery
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoGroups
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoItems
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoResults
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoSubjects
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoTests
  • /var/www/taoplatform/wfEngine

3.2. File System Permissions

We now have to make sure that file system permission in the /var/www/taoplatform directory makes Apache able to read, write, and execute correctly files belonging to the TAO platform. All files must be accessible by the apache user & group.

cd /var/www
chown -R apache taoplatform
chgrp -R apache taoplatform
chmod -R 775 taoplatform

2.3. TAO Installation Wizard

For this last step of the installation process, open up your favourite web browser at http://taoplatform/tao/install. The installation wizard appears.

Check if all the System Configuration entries are “green”. If it is not the case, please check that each step of this guide are done. If you still experience issues, feel free to contact us on the forum.

Finally, follow the instructions to finalize your TAO Platform installation.