This installation guide focuses on installing the TAO platform on Ubuntu using Apache2, PHP & mySQL.

1. Apache2, PHP & mySQL Installation

1.1. Apache2.4 Installation

The first step of the installation of our environment is to install the Apache2 web server (recommended version 2.4). To do so, open up a terminal and type the following command lines. The apt-get update command aims at updating your system. You can skip this command if you think your system is up to date.

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install apache2

1.2. PHP Installation

The supported PHP version is 7.

To install the latest PHP and modules needed by the TAO platform to run, open up a terminal and enter the following commands.

sudo apt-get install php
sudo apt-get install php-gd php-mysql php-tidy php-curl php-mbstring php-zip php-xml php-xml-parser

You'll also need to insert this commands to enable PHP with Apache.

sudo apt-get install libapache2-mod-php
sudo a2dismod worker
sudo a2enmod php7.0
sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

PHP and its modules required by TAO are now installed on the computer.

1.3. MySQL Installation

The last component to install is MySQL server.

sudo apt-get install mysql-server

MySQL server will install and you’re prompt to put a root password.

2. Apache2, PHP & mySQL Setup

2.1. Apache2 Setup

2.1.1. Service Configuration

We just have to check if Apache2 is correctly running. Simply open up your web browser and access http://localhost. An Apache2 test page containing “It Works!” should be displayed in your web browser.

2.1.2. Virtual Host

The TAO platform requires to be run with an Apache Virtual Host. We will create such a virtual host in the Apache2 configuration file. Edit the file located at /etc/apache2/sites-available/taoplatform.conf with your favourite editor. We will use nano.

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/taoplatform.conf

Now, we create a virtual host named taoplatform. Its DocumentRoot is /var/www/taoplatform. This is where the TAO source code will be actually deployed. We will create this directory later at deployment-time. Feel free to change its name according to your needs. Insert the following lines at the end of the file we are currently editing.

ServerName localhost

    ServerAdmin webmaster@taoplatform
    ServerName taoplatform
    DocumentRoot /var/www/taoplatform    

    <Directory /var/www/taoplatform>
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
        AllowOverride All
        Require all granted

You can save the file now. Some explanations about this Virtual Host configuration:

  • NameVirtualHost with the NameVirtualHost directive you specify the IP address on which the server will receive requests for the name-based virtual hosts. This will usually be the address to which your name-based virtual host names resolve.
  • ServerAdmin sets the e-mail address that the server includes in any error messages it returns to the client.
  • ServerName sets hostname and port that the server uses to identify itself. Here we affect the hostname taoplatform but it could be or
  • DocumentRoot is the root directory where we place the PHP source code that concerns the TAO Platform. We will create later in this tutorial the /var/www/taoplatform directory.

Then you need to activate the site and reload the apache2 configuration

sudo a2ensite taoplatform
sudo service apache2 reload

More information about Apache directives and virtual hosting:

2.1.3. Rewrite Module

The TAO Platform requires the Apache2 module rewrite_module to be installed to run perfectly. The Rewrite Module of Apache is most of the time enabled at installation time in major Linux distributions. To check if rewrite_module is present and running, type the following command in your terminal.

sudo apachectl -t -D DUMP_MODULES

You should see the list of running modules and the rewrite_module (shared) entry. If you find it, you can skip this and go to the next section of this guide. If you do not see it, you will have to install it.

To install the Apache2 module rewrite_module just type following command line

sudo a2enmod rewrite

and restart your web server to make the modification effective.

sudo service apache2 restart

2.1.4. Folders, Rights and Host Resolution

We now have to create the taoplatform folder in /var/www. To do so, type the following commands.

cd /var/www
sudo mkdir taoplatform

By default, Apache2 runs as the www-data user that belongs to the www-data group. We then bind the taoplatform directory to the www-data group.

sudo chgrp www-data taoplatform

We will deal with read-write-execute permissions later on. Finally, we add an entry in the hosts file of the Operating System to make Apache2 able to resolve taoplatform.

sudo nano /etc/hosts

Append the following line in the file:   taoplatform

Finally, we restart Apache to take this new configuration into account.

sudo service apache2 restart

2.2. PHP Setup

The PHP Setup is quick and simple. Open the PHP configuration file located at /etc/php/7.0/cli/php.ini or php/7.x if you have a newer version of PHP.

sudo nano /etc/php/7.0/cli/php.ini

Make sure that the following configuration options are correct.

short_open_tag = On

In most versions of PHP, they are correctly set. However, if you have to make any change, save the file and restart your Apache2 web server to make this new configuration taken into account.

sudo service apache2 restart

2.3. mySQL Setup

The following setup operation is optional. If you want to make a secure installation of mySQL by changing its root password, enter the following command in your terminal.


The mysql_secure_installation program will simply ask you for a new root password.

Important! If you plan to access MySQL using a specific database user (not root), make sure it has the following privileges:


If you need more information about database privileges and databases, please visit the DatabaseUserPrivileges|page dedicated to this topic.

3. TAO Platform Deployment

3.1. Download the Latest Version of TAO

We will now download the latest version of the TAO source code and deploy it on the web server. Go to the official TAO download page and download the last Stable Release. Unzip that folder under the /var/www/taoplatform directory. Make sure the files are directly accessible, not through a subdirectory.

cd /var/www
sudo rmdir taoplatform
sudo wget
sudo unzip
sudo mv TAO_3.1.0-RC7_build taoplatform/
sudo rm 

If you list the content of /var/www/taoplatform, you should see the following file & directory structure:

  • /var/www/taoplatform/composer.json
  • /var/www/taoplatform/composer.lock
  • /var/www/taoplatform/config
  • /var/www/taoplatform/data
  • /var/www/taoplatform/favicon.ico
  • /var/www/taoplatform/fdl-1.3.txt
  • /var/www/taoplatform/funcAcl
  • /var/www/taoplatform/generis
  • /var/www/taoplatform/gpl-2.0.txt
  • /var/www/taoplatform/.htaccess
  • /var/www/taoplatform/index.php
  • /var/www/taoplatform/LICENSE
  • /var/www/taoplatform/tiDeliveryProvider
  • /var/www/taoplatform/pciSamples
  • /var/www/taoplatform/phpunit.xml
  • /var/www/taoplatform/qtiItemPci
  • /var/www/taoplatform/qtiItemPic
  • /var/www/taoplatform/
  • /var/www/taoplatform/tao
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoBackOffice
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoCe
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoDacSimple
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoDelivery
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoDeliveryRdf
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoGroups
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoItems
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoLti
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoLtiBasicOutcome
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoMediaManager
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoOpenWebItem
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoOutcomeRds
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoOutcomeUi
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoQtiItem
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoQtiTest
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoResultServer
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoRevision
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoTestLinear
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoTests
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoTestTaker
  • /var/www/taoplatform/taoWorkspace
  • /var/www/taoplatform/tests
  • /var/www/taoplatform/vendor

3.2. File System Permissions

We now have to make sure that file system permission in the /var/www/taoplatform directory makes Apache able to read, write, and execute correctly files belonging to the TAO platform. All files must be accessible by the www-data user & group.

cd /var/www
sudo chown -R www-data taoplatform
sudo chgrp -R www-data taoplatform
sudo chmod -R 775 taoplatform

3.3. TAO Installation Wizard

For this last step of the installation process, open up your favourite web browser at http://taoplatform/tao/install. The installation wizard appears.

Check if all the System Configuration entries are “green”. If it is not the case, please check that each step of this guide are done. If you still experience issues, feel free to contact us on the forum.

Finally, follow the instructions to finalize your TAO Platform installation.